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Domesticating the divinity

In this twenty-first century, we are no less tempted to domesticate God, and thus to sink into a shallow religious indifference or insouciance, than our biblical ancestors.

"Moses on Mount Sinai" (1895-1900) by Jean-Leon Gerome []

Some biblical scholars consider the Book of Deuteronomy to be a collection of sermons: catechetical homilies on the great theme of the Exodus and the fulfillment of that epic adventure in God’s gifts of the Law and the land to the people of Israel. Throughout the book, Israel is told, over and over again, “Remember….” (or, more sharply, “Take heed, lest you forget….”). And what is Israel to remember? What does Israel dare not forget? Israel must remember God’s mighty deeds in leading his people out of that “house of bondage,” Egypt. Israel must remember that Pharaoh’s army was crushed by God’s power, not its own. Israel must remember the manna and the quail in the desert, food from heaven. Israel must remember the gift of the Law, which helps Israel avoid falling back into the bad habits of slaves. And Israel must remember the gift of the land, which, by God’s bounty, gave her a home where she might prosper.

In Deuteronomy, Gianfranco Ravasi remarks, to “remember” is a synonym for “to believe:” for to remember God’s gracious action in history is to believe that God alone is God, and God alone is to be worshipped. Thus the admonition “Remember…” is a caution against idolatry. In the Old Testament, “idolatry” often means worshipping the false gods of the various peoples Israel encounters; in Deuteronomy, “idolatry” is the false god of self-sufficiency. Settled in the land, Israel may be tempted by prosperity to fall back into its national “original sin,” symbolized by the darkest moment of the Exodus epic, the incident of the golden calf. For what was that all about? It was about the worship of a domesticated God whom Israel can fashion into an image and see, and thus control.

Self-sufficiency – the forgetting of our dependence on the Lord and on the Lord alone – is a perennial temptation for all those who share in the spiritual heritage of Israel. In this twenty-first century, we are no less tempted to domesticate God, and thus to sink into a shallow religious indifference or insouciance, than our biblical ancestors. In his recent, striking pastoral letter, “Unleash the Gospel,” Archbishop Allen Vigneron of Detroit reflects on this in discussing the roots of the contemporary crisis of faith.

Two factors creating today’s crisis of faith are familiar to most of us: “scientific fundamentalism,” which asserts that the only path to truth is through the empirical scientific method and the natural sciences, and “secular messianism,” which imagines the world to be perfectible by human agency alone. Archbishop Vigneron identified a third factor impeding or corroding faith today, “moralistic therapeutic deism.” He writes:

This term was famously coined by two sociologists to describe the amorphous set of religious beliefs to which many American young people subscribe. This belief system is moralistic in that it emphasizes moral behavior, vaguely defined as being nice, kind, pleasant, respectful, responsible, and so on. It is therapeutic in that it envisions God as on call to take care of problems that arise in our lives, but not otherwise interested in us nor holding us accountable for our choices. It is deistic in that it views God as having created the world but not personally involved in it. Such views fall short of the Christian understanding of God, who does hold us accountable, who gave his Son for us to save us from the devastating consequences of sin, and who desires to be deeply involved in our lives.

The Church of Nice is not the Church of Jesus Christ, who came “to cast fire upon the earth” and longed to see it blaze up [Luke 12.49]. Yes, the Church of Jesus Christ is the Church of the merciful father, who restores to the prodigal son the squandered dignity of his sonship. But the condition for the possibility of the son’s receiving the father’s forgiveness is the son’s recognition of his need for forgiveness – the son’s recognition that he had been reduced to foraging for swine’s fodder by his self-indulgent self-sufficiency.

There are signs all around us of Christian communities domesticating God by trimming their doctrinal and moral sails to the prevailing mores of the post-modern West. It is a temptation against which the Catholic Church, and especially its ordained leaders, should be constantly vigilant.   

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About George Weigel 500 Articles
George Weigel is Distinguished Senior Fellow of Washington's Ethics and Public Policy Center, where he holds the William E. Simon Chair in Catholic Studies. He is the author of over twenty books, including Witness to Hope: The Biography of Pope John Paul II (1999), The End and the Beginning: Pope John Paul II—The Victory of Freedom, the Last Years, the Legacy (2010), and The Irony of Modern Catholic History: How the Church Rediscovered Itself and Challenged the Modern World to Reform. His most recent books are The Next Pope: The Office of Peter and a Church in Mission (2020), Not Forgotten: Elegies for, and Reminiscences of, a Diverse Cast of Characters, Most of Them Admirable (Ignatius, 2021), and To Sanctify the World: The Vital Legacy of Vatican II (Basic Books, 2022).


  1. A perfect reminder for our time.

    It is the domestication of divinity that has practically made us apostates and indifferent followers of God, afraid to proclaim His truth.

  2. Here is one of the domesticators speaking:

    “The God who sits enthroned over the world and history as a changeless being is an offense to man.”

    (Walter “Cardinal” Kasper, God in History, 1967)

  3. “In the beginning, Man created God.” This is said by a man struggling with belief. Not in God but what he says follows. The second premise of the multiplicity of religious beliefs on Who God is. Good article isolating the Anthropomorphic trend. Animists identified god in things. The other trend is an amorphous universal deity. Dr Weigel [Honorary doctorates suffice here] identifies secularization the driving force. “The Church of Nice is not the Church of Jesus Christ” is what I name elsewhere Dixie Chick theology. Our ideations are our reality and for the Chicks Bush 43 was an insufferable Neocon. Making nice was perceived as hypocrisy. The Church that makes nice is also hypocritical. It reduced charity to ritualistic convention keeping us locked into our comfort zone of self indulgence. It’s not the Fire Weigel says is the heart of faith practice. Secular messianism [Weigel’s invented term] is misplaced since in Judaism and Christianity it is specific to the promised anointed one or Christ. The Savior. Let’s be specific. Ideation of a changing god merciful aplenty quick to absolve and accommodate a broken world [as if Jesus didn’t come to fix it] sans need of Justice is the Pyrite of the current religious currency at the Vatican.

    • Correction on attributing an invented term “secular messianism” to G Weigel. It was according to a quote from an article by Tom Venzor the invention Of Benedict XVI, “Ratzinger identifies a ‘secular Messianism’ underlying these movements that seeks to rush in a new age through the idol of progress”. A Golden Calf is one thing. A Messiah is another.

  4. I neglected to add that Pope Francis promotes the theology of Cdl. Walter Kasper – so it seems he is domesticating Jesus too.

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