• Deut 30:10-14
• Ps 69:14, 17, 30-31, 33-34, 36, 37
• Col 1:15-20
• Lk 10:25-37
“The heart,” wrote St. John Chrysostom, “is the most noble of all the members of our body.” The twentieth-century philosopher Dietrich von Hildebrand observed that in Scripture the heart is often contrasted, not with the will or intellect, but with the body. The heart is “chosen as a representative of man’s inner life” and identified closely with the soul.
There are some seven hundred references to the heart in the Bible; the first two are found in Genesis 6, where it states that the wicked “desires” or “thoughts” of man’s heart had grieved the heart of God (Gen. 6:5-6). Few of the numerous references to the heart have to do with the physical, blood-pumping organ, or even with emotions (that would actually be kidneys and bowels!). The heart, in Scripture, is the center and core of a human being; it is a complex and mysterious combination of personality, intellect, character, and will. Whereas in modern culture “the heart” is often related to strong feelings (often romantic in nature), the biblical perspective is far more concerned with moral character, especially with holiness and fidelity.
This is significant for appreciating today’s readings from Deuteronomy and the Gospel of Luke. Deuteronomy (which means “second law-giving”) contains a detailed presentation of the Law given to Israelites, culminating in a series of blessings and curses (ch. 28-30) that God promised would “come upon” the people depending on how well they observed the Law. Not surprisingly, the curses far outweigh the blessing, and today’s reading seems to accept that failure will follow, stating, “when you return to the Lord, your God, with all your heart and all your soul.” This is a reiteration of Deuteronomy 6:5, which is part of the Shema Yisrael (Dt. 6:4-9), the greatest prayer of Judaism.
God’s commands, Moses relates to the people, are not mysterious or impossible to follow, but are very near, “already in your mouths and in your hearts.” While the heart is the center of a man’s being, the mouth is the gateway or window to a man’s heart and soul. This important concept was used by St. Paul when he told the Romans of the necessity of confessing that Jesus is Lord and believing in “your heart that God raised him from the dead” in order to be saved (Rom. 10:9-10). Far from being an emotional or rash response, this is public action rooted in profound consideration and commitment of the will.
The question asked of Jesus by the scholar of the law was hostile, meant to test him and expose any weaknesses in his stance regarding salvation. As he often did, Jesus answered the question with questions of his own, as if to say, “You are the recognized scholar; you tell me the answer!” The lawyer quoted directly from the Shema and Leviticus 19:18, demonstrating that he had intellectually mastered the answer. But had his heart absorbed the truth and been transformed by what was in his head? Could he, like the Psalmist, say, “The precepts of the Lord are right, rejoicing the heart” (Psa. 19:8)? And while the words of his mouth met with favor, what about the thoughts of his heart (see Psa. 19:15)?
The scholar sought to justify himself by bringing up a much-debated question: who really is my neighbor? Some Jews said it included strangers and sojourners (cf. Lev. 19:33-34); others insisted that only members of the Jewish community should be called “neighbors”. Some, such as the priest and the Levite in the parable of the Good Samaritan, were heartless because they had long forgotten that the Law was actually about loving God and loving others.
When religious practice no longer has a transcendent center—that is, a heart seeking after God—it becomes fearful, selfish, and merciless. Soulless works cannot save us; they actually separate us from the blessings of the divine life. Love God with all your heart. Love your neighbor as yourself. Do this and you will truly live.
(This “Opening the Word” column originally appeared in the July 11, 2010, edition of Our Sunday Visitor newspaper.)
If you value the news and views Catholic World Report provides, please consider donating to support our efforts. Your contribution will help us continue to make CWR available to all readers worldwide for free, without a subscription. Thank you for your generosity!
Click here for more information on donating to CWR. Click here to sign up for our newsletter.
There is no evidence that the lawyer was hostile towards Jesus. On the contrary, theirs was a lively exchange between a good teacher and a good student. The lawyer was attempting to “justify himself” to Jesus, meaning he was looking for Jesus’ approval.
There is also no evidence that Jesus was trying to evade the question. He answered it straight up: good Samaritans are your neighbors (all good, kind, compassionate, God-fearing men are your neighbors. Those who don’t measure up aren’t your neighbors). You really should get your nose out of your theology books and pay more attention to what the Biblical text actually says.
“There is no evidence that the lawyer was hostile towards Jesus.”
Not true. The word ἐκπειράζω (test, tempt) used in verse 25 is exactly the same word used in Luke 4:12, when Jesus addresses the devil: “καὶ ἀποκριθεὶς εἶπεν αὐτῷ ὁ Ἰησοῦς ὅτι εἴρηται οὐκ ἐκπειράσεις κύριον τὸν θεόν σου” [And Jesus answered him, “It is said, ‘You shall not tempt the Lord your God.'”]. While some commentators (Craig Evans, for instance) do not see the connection (and, in fact, fails to mention it in his 1991 commentary), others certainly do, including Luke Timothy Johnson, whose commentary on Luke’s Gospel is widely acclaimed.
In addition, each reference in the Gospels to Jesus being tested is negative, sometimes very negative, as in Mark 12:15: “But knowing their hypocrisy, he said to them, ‘Why put me to the test? Bring me a coin, and let me look at it.'” And also John 8:6, to give another exmaple: “This he said to test him, for he himself knew what he would do.” The word πειράζω (to test) is used in those instances, and while it can be used in either a positive or negative sense, the context of these passages are clearly negative: Jesus’ enemies are trying to trap him in order to discredit and ruin him. And, of course, all four Evangelists, in their own way, highlight the antagonism shown toward Jesus by the religious authorities.
“There is also no evidence that Jesus was trying to evade the question.”
I never wrote that Jesus tried to evade the question, did I? No, I wrote that he responded to the question with a question. Actually, with two questions: “ὁ δὲ εἶπεν πρὸς αὐτόν ἐν τῷ νόμῳ τί γέγραπται πῶς ἀναγινώσκεις” [“He said to him, ‘What is written in the law? How do you read?'”; Lk 10:26].
“You really should get your nose out of your theology books and pay more attention to what the Biblical text actually says.”
Your animosity is strange. Why so snotty about this? And what do you have against theology? Strange. Further, why so sure of your criticism when it is so clearly ill-founded? While I am not a professional Scripture scholar, I have been reading and studying Scripture for 45 years, studied Koine Greek in Bible college, took several courses (at undergraduate and graduate levels) in Scripture, have taught a weekly Bible study in my parish for twenty years, own hundreds of books/commentaries on Scripture, and wrote a Scripture column for Our Sunday Visitor newspaper for nine years. For what it’s worth.
There is evidence of hostility in many passages, just not in this one. Nor is there any indication that the student of the Law is any kind of religious authority of the type that Jesus regularly criticized.
The coincidence of the word “test” here and in Luke 4:12 is irrelevant. Just because a word is used one way in one passage, it doesn’t follow that it must always mean the same thing wherever it is used. Words can have multiple shades of meaning. You’re employing a “word-study” approach to Scriptural exegesis, a flawed approach that does not yield reliable results. Words should be understood in the context in which they occur.
The text of Luke 10 doesn’t say that the lawyer was trying to trap Jesus. It just says that the lawyer wanted to justify himself, a neutral expression that is not indicative of anything wicked. The testing in this case is also entirely neutral.. The lawyer sincerely wants to know who Jesus regards as worthy of the appellation “neighbor”. There are several places in the Gospels where Jesus is asked questions about the Law, without any hostility on the part of the questioner, and Jesus reacts kindly towards the questioner : Mark 12:34, Mark 10:21, Matthew 9:14, Luke 7:36-50. In this passage in Luke 10, the lawyer is not accused of hypocrisy or any other bad intent; Jesus simply answers his question in order to satisfy the lawyer’s (quite healthy) curiosity about the meaning of “neighbor”.
I’m not against theology. I’m against leading with one’s theology and trying to make the Bible fit our preconceptions, something that occurs on a regular basis with regard to the Good Samaritan parable.
“lawyer wanted to justify himself, a neutral expression that is not indicative of anything wicked.” The point of the law and the gospel is that only the blood of the cross of Christ can justify us. Read Romans 3.
No one and I mean NO ONE can love their neighbor or themselves well enough to satisfy the standards of God. ANY IDEA that attempts to evade that truth is a devilish and destructive half-truth and not a neutral one.
Jesus leads us into self-knowledge, humility (St Bernard-Humility a virtue by which a man knowing himself as he truly is abases himself) before our Father in heaven.
A Samaritan (Christian) set out on his journey to Jericho (Any City). It was the same journey that he had made many times before, it was a glorious summer’s day, as he/she entered one of the main through fares in Jericho, next to the shopping mall; he froze, as he had to confront the reality of his /her/my own heart.
Filthy garb course and hard
Vomit and spittle on course bristle,
Urine pool shadow of gloom,
Stink smell as well
Alone, protruding skin and bone
Eye lids closed, some mother’s baby in repose.
Bussing fly all pass by, no sigh or cry
In justification (excuse)
“I have someone with me in my care;
I remove my stare,
Cram and jam one of the passers-by I am.
It was the night before the Samaritan set out on the journey to Jericho again.
From bedroom floor he opens quite door
Reflecting thought, the truth is sort,
Shameful sin now also an act of omission I do bring
“Father” it’s me again I bring my shame,
With my daily bread, your mercy I would be fed.
To the Christian name, today I brought shame.
With the bright morning dew I arise anew
In the journey of the heart
I make a fresh start
Taking the Jericho way,
The walls of clay fall away.
At curbside my face I do not hide,
There is not a lot I can do
But to my heart I will be true
Lifting head, my jumper is fed,
Not all passers-by shield their eye,
One comes forth, a gentle hand that understands
No longer alone, now an ambulance is shown
With the gentle hand I stand
She looks in my eye, we say good bye,
She gives a sigh
kevin your brother
The above post was made some time ago and I received the implied comment below a few weeks later
“Truthfulness places an obligation on all to learn to experience life as it really is, not dressed up in flights of imagination.
We need to promote respect for truth as a deep value, needing much revival today. Telling the truth is not merely saying what one feels, since this can be subjective, but it goes deeper and first tries to see things as they really are or as they actually happened. Only such truth is worthy of communicating. Truthfulness urges us to see and experience life as it really is, and to distinguish this from those flights of imagination that also have a place in entertaining each other. People need to know whether we are communicating about real events; we need to share, as truly as we can, our insights about life and about the things of the spirit”
I posted (shared) an account of a scenario in relation to the parable of the Good Samaritan. It may have been misconstrued as a flight of imagination as it is not in chronological order. It was meant to be a reflection of one’s conscience before the light of Truth. To clarify for those who need to know if it was a real event.
Many years ago on a Saturday I was walking through the centre of Leeds, near the Corn Exchange there is an open space with several bus stops, it was very busy with pedestrians, in the centre of this space was a very over weight middle aged woman shabbily dressed laid on the pavement, in great distress having a fit, no one stopped to help her I went over lifted her head off the ground to save her from further damage to herself, from within the crowd a young woman then came forward to help until an ambulance arrived.
Last year to my shame I walk by a man in a City centre in great need (I realized afterwards he could have died on his own vomit). At the time I justified this inaction within my heart, by say to myself that I was caring for someone else who was in need, but this stranger should have taken priority. As I walked away from this man I knew that I had sinned. I am not Mother Teresa, or any thing like her, I pass by many people living with different types of difficult situations. I know on this occasion I broke trust with my conscience, I have come to terms with this in my heart before our Father in heaven, and with His grace I pray it will not happen again.
kevin your brother in
Thank you Kevin for the poem that you wrote and I understand that it may have been not understood entirely as there was not a preface to introduce the poem but I think that is is truthful and reveals an act of mercy and compassion that we need to do and that we all may hope be accomplished for ourselves one day in our own need.
Thank you, Kevin (Plunket) for your positive comment. Obviously, I was unaware of your post as it was made one year after my post was made in 2019 and it has only come to my attention now in 2022. You say ”I understand that it may have been not understood entirely as there was not a preface to introduce the poem”
I repeated this post (Updated) in 2021 which I believe solves this problem and can be read via the link
kevin your brother
The Lord has given you a kind heart and gentle spirit. Too, you seek to comprehend His word and apply to your life.
God bless you as He utilizes the talents He has blessed you with.
Ever your brother.
Psalm 90:17 Let the favour of the Lord our God be upon us, and establish the work of our hands upon us; yes, establish the work of our hands!
Ephesians 2:10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them.
2 Corinthians 9:8 And God is able to make all grace abound to you, so that having all sufficiency in all things at all times, you may abound in every good work.
Thank you Brian my brother for your comment “The Lord has given you a kind heart and gentle spirit In your generosity Brian you have greatly overstated the reality of myself as I see myself as being a reflection of the true Divine Mercy image, an image of broken man which is reflected in many of my posts and in the posts given via the link. Blessings as always.
kevin your brother
How does God see us?
John 3:16 “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life.
Ephesians 1:7 In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace,
Galatians 2:20 I have been crucified with Christ. It is no longer I who live, but Christ who lives in me. And the life I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me.
Galatians 3:13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us—for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who is hanged on a tree”—
Colossians 1:14 In whom we have redemption, the forgiveness of sins.
2 Corinthians 5:21 For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.
Psalm 130:7 O Israel, hope in the Lord! For with the Lord there is steadfast love, and with him is plentiful redemption.
Yet, we see ourselves a sinful (which is the case) however, we see godliness in others. He not only saves us, He changes us conforming us into His image!
God bless you,
My comment refers back to a discussion on the identity of the neighbor in the Good Samaritan Parable, literally a simple story to teach a moral lesson. Two key questions asked, clearly reveal that unlike the widely held presumption that the neighbor was the man lying in the ditch, it was the Samaritan.
Jesus poses the first question posed by the scribe [lawyer] at the beginning, Who is my neighbor? It’s seems at first man in the ditch is the neighbor, since it’s he who receives care from the Good Samaritan [and love your neighbor as yourself]. However, the final key question is asked directly by Christ, Which of these three was the neighbor to the man [in the ditch?]. It’s as clear as crystal. The Good Samaritan, good neighbor to the Jew who was waylaid.
Finally, “Who really is my neighbor? Some Jews said it included strangers and sojourners (cf Lev 19:33-34); others insisted that only members of the Jewish community should be called neighbors” (Olson). To apply Olson’s logic, who of the three had a heart. “The heart, wrote St John Chrysostom, is the most noble of all the members of our body”. And, “The heart is chosen as a representative of man’s inner life and identified closely with the soul” (Von Hildebrand in Olson).❤🔥
Dear pastor and brother:
How God challenges us at every turn. We want to to good yet, something constrains us. Even when we are saved and given a reborn spirit we are in constant confession for sins of commission and those of omission. What a wretched man I am.
As you hear confession you remind those of God’s forgiveness and His incredible forbearance. Though He is too pure to look upon sin, he fully understands what it is and how it affects those whom He loves. Only Jesus could fulfill the law that He gave. Born of a virgin and pure in all His ways, yes he is the propitiation for our sins.
It is a honour for you to hear confession and yet, it must be taxing. The Lord places enormous burdens on those whom he has called to be under-shepherds. Thank you and other men of God that have heeded His call.
2 Timothy 3:16 All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness,
Romans 10:17 So faith comes from hearing, and hearing through the word of Christ.
John 10:27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me.
Psalm 119:105 Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path.
Brothers and sisters who serve the Lord with in the church are a blessing to us lay people. The Lord is gracious.
The authors training and spiritual walk with the Lord is a blessing to all those who love Him. Articles presented by CWR uplift us and aid us to be better followers of Jesus Christ. Some write ups generate squabbles which in turn can be insightful, giving us a better appreciation for how the Lord views the matter.
Any man who confesses Jesus Christ as Lord has a story and this is a forum that encourages praise for God, understanding and the pathway for our walk. That we listen to our pastors and leaders, those men who are rooted and built up in Christ, caring for the flock.
As we flex our minds and aim to increase our faith, may we remind ourselves of the value of this forum.
John 8:12 Again Jesus spoke to them, saying, “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will not walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.”
James 4:6 But he gives more grace. Therefore it says, “God opposes the proud, but gives grace to the humble.”
Colossians 3:17 And whatever you do, in word or deed, do everything in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God the Father through him.
In the name of Jesus, all blessings.