Who Burned the Witches (Part 2)

November 1, 2022 Sandra Miesel 19

Editor’s note: Part One of this essay was published on October 30, 2022. (Editor’s note: A different version of this article ran in CRISIS magazine in October 2001. Witches Everywhere How many people died in […]


Who Burned the Witches? (Part 1)

October 30, 2022 Sandra Miesel 12

The stench of their burning is with us yet. The stakes and gibbets where witches perished by the tens of thousands during Earl Modern times still stand in popular imagination. For historians, the Great European […]

The Dispatch

Hildegard of Bingen: Voice of the Living Light

September 17, 2022 Sandra Miesel 3

Among the other female Doctors of the Church—Teresa of Avila, Catherine of Siena, and Therese of Lisieux—Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179) blazes in colors all her own. Medievalist Peter Dronke describes her as “an overpowering, electrifying […]