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Seven Last Words from the Cross: “This day you will be with Me in paradise”

Preachers who suggest that Dismas (as tradition speaks of him) “stole heaven” do not do justice to the gratuity of salvation. For in a sense, we all “steal heaven” because none of us is worthy to behold the face of God.

Detail from "Christ and the Good Thief" (c. 1566) by Titian []

So many sermons preached on this second word of Christ from the Cross revolve around the “good thief who stole heaven.” And so, they often miss the point because the focus is blurred.

St. Luke wants us to fix our gaze on two characters, but in proper order: first, the Speaker; second, the one addressed.

In His last moments on earth, Jesus makes a commitment with eternal consequences. As He hangs in agony, He holds out an offer which continues the pattern of His life; He claims thereby to have a unique entrée to everlasting life. In fact, He is dying for this very reason. Therefore, we need to consider some alternatives about His identity: This convicted criminal is insane; He is the blasphemer He’s accused of being; or, He’s the Son of God that He claimed to be. St. Luke and other Evangelists believed the last alternative and wrote their Gospels to bring others to that same faith. We are the beneficiaries of that tradition. There is no other alternative for us, either.

Because Jesus is the Son of God, the Second Person of the Blessed Trinity, His promise to the good thief has significance. God is as good as His Word. The ancient Hebrews had a highly developed understanding of the word; any word was a part of the speaker, now with an independent existence. That applied equally to good words and bad words. Just think of poor old and blind Isaac deceived into blessing Jacob. However, once the word of blessing was uttered (ill-gotten as it was), it could not be recalled.

God’s Word is as omnipotent as He, for through it the work of creation was accomplished: “By the word of the Lord the heavens were made” (Ps 33:6). If God can create everything from nothing, He can save the good thief.

Now, this offer by Christ was not a special “one-day sale”; He gives the same opportunity to every one of the Father’s adopted children in Baptism. The promise of salvation is nothing less than the promise of the Gospel. “This day” is a sign of the immediacy of the gift, so that we do not find ourselves waiting for the experience of justification, redemption or salvation at the end of time; we receive it and live it “this day.”

The battle for our souls was fought on Calvary. The Devil lost, and so we won. It sounds so simple, too good to be true. Efforts to complicate the message and to condition its power fail to take God at His Word, which informs us that He wants all men to be saved (cf. 1 Tm 2:4).

Preachers who suggest that Dismas (as tradition speaks of him) “stole heaven” do not do justice to the gratuity of salvation. For in a sense, we all “steal heaven” because none of us is worthy to behold the face of God. The dying thief did, however, have certain qualities which provided fertile soil for God’s Word to take root.

First of all, he had the tremendous gift of self-knowledge. Some people go through life believing their own public relations material. The thief, on the other hand, was bitterly aware of his own sinfulness: “We deserve it, after all. We are only paying the price for what we’ve done” (Luke 24:41). What extraordinary honesty and maturity! No blame shunted off onto bad parental example or a deprived childhood. With the Psalmist, he could say: “For I acknowledge my offense, and my sin is before me always: ‘Against you only have I sinned and done what is evil in your sight’ – That you might be justified in your sentence, vindicated when you condemn” (Ps 51:5-6).

Second, Dismas did not measure himself by the evil of others: “You know, we live in a society where ‘everyone’ steals and cheats, if only given the opportunity. I just got caught.” Rather, he took as his yardstick the holiness of God: “This man has done nothing wrong” (Luke 24:41). His words and underlying attitude reflect those of another Lucan figure who could say, “O God, be merciful to me, a sinner” (cf. Luke 24:41).

Third, all of his behavior on the cross proves him to be a man open to the workings of grace. Therefore, it does not surprise us to hear him plead: “Jesus, remember me when you enter upon your reign” (Luke 23:42). He was already to hear the promise: “This day you will be with me in paradise” (Luke 23:43).

What does all of this have to do with us, most of whom are not thieves and none of whom would ever be crucified for the crime anyway? We have been allowed by Luke to eavesdrop on a conversation which teaches valuable lessons on how we are saved. We learn that God can save us and wants to do so. We discover that He is willing to wipe clean the whole slate. What do we have to do in return? Believe God and live in His love.

“You mean I don’t have to do anything?” comes the incredulous reply. I didn’t say that – I said we must believe God, taking Him at His word. That realization makes the entire faith-works controversy of the Protestant Reformation a meaningless discussion. We are not saved by good works or without them. We are saved by faith, a faith which necessarily expresses itself in love. And that’s how the experience of salvation can be known right now – with no waiting for a day of judgment. As St. Thérèse of Lisieux put it, “All the way to heaven is heaven.”

A believer doesn’t try to rack up “brownie points,” maneuvering God into a corner, “forcing” Him to grant salvation through human manipulation. A heartfelt believer trusts God’s promise and loves Him as the only appropriate response. What lover does not desire intensely to do good for the beloved? But this is surely not as a means of gaining an advantage in the relationship, for that would be neither love, nor trust, nor faith. No, the person of faith stands in the tradition of Dismas who was prepared to hear the promise of the Gospel and, as a result, began a whole line of Christian “thieves” who have “stolen” heaven ever since.

(Editor’s note: This is the second of seven reflections by Fr. Stravinskas on the Seven Last Words, leading up to Good Friday. They were originally preached on Good Friday 2017 at the “Tre Ore” at Holy Innocents Church, Manhattan.)

“Seven Last Words from the Cross: ‘Father, forgive them…’” (March 23, 2018)

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About Peter M.J. Stravinskas 284 Articles
Reverend Peter M.J. Stravinskas founded The Catholic Answer in 1987 and The Catholic Response in 2004, as well as the Priestly Society of Blessed John Henry Cardinal Newman, a clerical association of the faithful, committed to Catholic education, liturgical renewal and the new evangelization. Father Stravinskas is also the President of the Catholic Education Foundation, an organization, which serves as a resource for heightening the Catholic identity of Catholic schools.


  1. Father needs to read Mark 15:32 and revise his assertion that all of Dismas’ behaviour on the cross show him to be a man open to grace. Everyone misses Mark 15:32 for some reason: ” Those who were crucified with him also kept abusing him.” God saving the sinner does not always have evil leaving some time ago. It can be while the sinner is on the way to more evil as with St. Paul who required the abrupt suddenness of God. Dismas was abusing Christ early on along with the bad thief. As the pain increased and as the day seemed like an eternity and as realization of death became clear…only then did Dismas change from abusive to believer. This is why scripture says, ” It is easy for the Lord in an instant to make a poor man rich” Sirach 11:21. It’s not about money at the deeper level. It’s about God knocking a man off his horse and blinding him for three days….inter alia.

      • My point helps you with you with non believing loved ones who seem to die suddenly in e.g. a car crash….Farher’s point doesn’t help you therein because he is seeing proximate preparation as pivotal. It’s not. You’re welcome.

    • Luke and Mark are two different Gospels with different theological perspectives. I was dealing with Luke, who always makes excuses for human foibles. He eliminates the line about the doctors bilking the woman without effect; he adds a line to the apostles’ falling asleep during the Lord’s agony in the garden — adding “exhausted from grief.” At Calvary (as you will see in my proximate reflections), he asks His Father to hold the executioners and their supporters excusable, “for they know not what they do.” If I were writing on Mark, I might have a different approach, but the classical text for the Seven Last Words for this “word” is Luke, not Mark.

      • The classical way of interpreting scripture is to harmonize all four gospels at conflict points …conflict points…as Augustine did in several works called “harmonizations” …seeming contradictions in the four gospels. I’m no Raymond Brown fan but in line with the Augustine method, he in a small book…” The Community of the Beloved Disciple”….was able to deduce that John died prior to the completion of the gospel and a close follower finished it but, not knowing the proper chronology, placed several clear timeline mistakes in the finished product. And that close follower theory explains why all the bragging about John is only in the gospel of John since this close follower was through the bragging fighting the denigration of John being done by those who left John ( mentioned in the epistles).
        But there is a big problem if you are inferring to readers that Dismas’ complete behaviour was that of a man open to grace when in fact he has little behaviour at all even in Luke so his abusing Christ earlier is large proportionately.
        Probably every Catholic has relatives he or she is worried about as to repenting before death. Sirach 11:21 is saying it can be a matter of an instant….no preceding good behaviour is crucial….helpful but not crucial. Worried Catholics need to know that….no prior good signs necessary. That’s another reason…we can’t judge a deceased relative who dies one night in bed but was ornery hours prior when awake.

  2. Joseph Haydn’s moving work “The Seven Last Words of Christ” is an ode to our saviour’s love for mankind. This beautiful elegy lifts our soul on high, bringing forth acclaim and thanksgiving.

    Hebrews 13:15 Through Him, let us continually offer up the sacrifice of praise to God, that is, the fruit of our lips that acknowledge his name.

    Psalm 150:1-6 Praise the Lord! Praise God in his sanctuary; praise him in his mighty heavens! Praise him for his mighty deeds; praise him according to his excellent greatness! Praise him with trumpet sound; praise him with lute and harp! Praise him with tambourine and dance; praise him with strings and pipe! Praise him with sounding cymbals; praise him with loud clashing cymbals! …

    Ephesians 5:19 Addressing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody to the Lord with your heart,

  3. I have always thought that, if Our Lord was really against the death penalty inflicted by the state for certain crimes, when one of the thieves said, basically, “we deserve to die for what we have done,” Christ could have said, “No, you should not be killed, or something that urged mercy by the Romans. But, he didn’t, and the fact that the Church and Popes, after Christ’s death, justified capital punishment for centuries tells me that death penalty is warranted.

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