St. John the Baptist, “angelic” guardian of Advent

On the Readings for Sunday, December 8th, Second Sunday of Advent

• Isa 11:1-10
• Ps 72:1-2, 7-8, 12-13, 17
• Rom 15:4-9
• Mt 3:1-12

[Note: The Solemnity of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Patronal Feastday of the United States of America, is transferred, in the U.S., to Monday, December 9th.]

The season of Advent, wrote Fr. Hans Urs von Balthasar in You Crown the Year with Your Goodness (Ignatius Press, 1989), is like a gate through which the Christian “passes to enter some shrine. This gate is flanked by two figures guarding it …” These two persons, he added, “ask us why and with what intentions we are seeking admission.”

In other words, Advent is not simply about the past, as if we are merely remembering some important but ancient event. It is just as much about the present and the future, for it has to do with the sweeping, mysterious panorama of salvation history. And these two great saints—John the Baptist and Mary, the Mother of God—are not lost or trapped in time, but are alive today, preparing us—if we are willing to listen and respond—for the arrival of the Messiah.

John the Baptist “stands tall and straight, haggard, an angel clothed in camel’s hair, who wants to be nothing but a Voice resounding through the wilderness of the world, the desert of time.” Why did von Balthasar call John the Baptist an “angel”? Because an Ángelos is a messenger specifically send by God to prepare the way for the word of the Lord (cf. Mk. 1:2). John was the voice who announced the Word; he proclaimed a message of preparation for the One who would baptize with the Holy Spirit and fire.

John was both fiercely bold and thoroughly humble, a combination also found in Elijah, Isaiah, Jeremiah, and the other Old Testament prophets. He knew who he was and what he was called to do; his identity and mission were perfectly joined in a singular focus on the Messiah. Even before being born, while yet in the womb, he leapt at the voice of the God-bearer, the blessed Virgin Mary (Lk. 1:41), as if to say, “I am ready to speak, to announce, to proclaim!” But it was Mary, the mother of the Lord, who first proclaimed, “My soul magnifies the Lord, and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior…” (Lk. 1:46-47). John and his mission gestated a while longer, waiting for nature to take its course and the supernatural to set his course.

John’s time finally arrived some thirty years later when he emerged from the Judean desert, clothed in camel’s hair and girt with a leather belt. His message can be summarized in a single word: “Repent!” And that is the message he continues to announce during Advent, always pointing to Christ with a piercing single-mindedness. “He prepared the souls of believers,” wrote St. Jerome of the Baptizer, “in whom the Lord would walk…”

He stands today, a wild and mysterious figure, demanding that we recognize how close is the kingdom of heaven and exhorting us to open our hearts to the King. “He sets an example for all Christians,” remarked von Balthasar, “all apostles, priests, all who proclaim Christ: none of them may proclaim themselves, chatter about their own religious experience: they are to be only the voice of him who is ‘increasing’, who is always greater.”

John said that the one who was coming after him would bring unquenchable fire. That fire is the “transforming energy of the Holy Spirit’s actions” (Catechism, par. 696). It is the divine life that burns away the chaff of temporality and passing things while revealing all that is holy and eternal. “For the power of fire is deemed to be beneficial and strong,” noted St. Theodore of Heraclea, “destructive of evil things and preservative of what is better.” God, after all, is a devouring fire (Dt. 4:24).

Shortly before being arrested and martyred, John spoke to his disciples about Jesus, saying, “He must increase, but I must decrease” (Jn. 3:30). As Advent unfolds and Christmas approaches, we are challenged to decrease, allowing the chaff of our sins and selfishness to be burned away while opening our hearts to filled with the Word, the Lord Jesus Christ.

If you value the news and views Catholic World Report provides, please consider donating to support our efforts. Your contribution will help us continue to make CWR available to all readers worldwide for free, without a subscription. Thank you for your generosity!

Click here for more information on donating to CWR. Click here to sign up for our newsletter.

About Carl E. Olson 1220 Articles
Carl E. Olson is editor of Catholic World Report and Ignatius Insight. He is the author of Did Jesus Really Rise from the Dead?, Will Catholics Be "Left Behind"?, co-editor/contributor to Called To Be the Children of God, co-author of The Da Vinci Hoax (Ignatius), and author of the "Catholicism" and "Priest Prophet King" Study Guides for Bishop Robert Barron/Word on Fire. His recent books on Lent and Advent—Praying the Our Father in Lent (2021) and Prepare the Way of the Lord (2021)—are published by Catholic Truth Society. He is also a contributor to "Our Sunday Visitor" newspaper, "The Catholic Answer" magazine, "The Imaginative Conservative", "The Catholic Herald", "National Catholic Register", "Chronicles", and other publications. Follow him on Twitter @carleolson.