Cardinal Koch: the Gospel must incorporate and purify culture

Vatican City, Oct 24, 2019 / 05:10 am (CNA).- The head of the Vatican’s Christian unity office says inculturation of the Gospel is a necessary part of evangelization, but also requires discernment of what in that culture may need “purification.”

“Evangelization always needs inculturation, so that the Gospel will be understood in different cultures,” Cardinal Kurt Koch told EWTN News Oct. 23.

“But I think we must see two things,” he continued, “first of all, inculturation, and on the other side purification of the culture, because not all things in other cultures are good.”

“We have different challenges and different problems and we must have a clear discernment of spirit of what we can accept and receive from these cultures for the better understanding of the Gospel; and on the other hand we must purify something in this culture.”

The Swiss cardinal previously served as bishop of Basel from 1996 to 2010, when he was appointed president of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, the Vatican’s office dedicated to ecumenism. 

Koch is participating in this month’s Synod of Bishops on the Pan-Amazonian region because of his position as head of a Vatican dicastery. The Amazon synod, a three-week long meeting on the Church’s life and mission in the region, will end Oct. 27.

Koch said he has had the impression during the Amazon synod that “bishops speak above all about inculturation and not much about purification.”

The cardinal added that he has asked the group what are the elements of the native Amazonian cultures which need purified but “I haven’t received a clear answer.” 

The need for inculturation has been one of the prominent topics of the Amazon synod. 

The Catechism of the Catholic Church states that inculturation is a necessary step on the Church’s mission of evangelizing the world.

“Missionary endeavor requires patience. It begins with the proclamation of the Gospel to peoples and groups who do not yet believe in Christ, continues with the establishment of Christian communities that are ‘a sign of God's presence in the world,’ and leads to the foundation of local churches. It must involve a process of inculturation if the Gospel is to take flesh in each people’s culture,” paragraph 854 states.

In paragraph 1207, the Catechism explains that “it is fitting that liturgical celebration tends to express itself in the culture of the people where the Church finds herself, though without being submissive to it.”

“Enculturation,” or “inculturation” when in reference to Christianity, means having a deference in Church practice, specifically in the liturgy, to the local circumstances of a culture.

The Catechism also says, in paragraph 1149, that “the liturgy of the Church presupposes, integrates and sanctifies elements from creation and human culture, conferring on them the dignity of signs of grace, of the new creation in Jesus Christ.”

Fr. Mark Morozowich, the dean of the School of Theology and Religious Studies at the Catholic University of America, explained to CNA in March the principles that govern such “inculturation.”

“The Church has always enculturated the liturgy,” he said.

“This is something we’ve done through the centuries in every single place from the very beginning.”

Starting with the first ministry of the apostles, he said, “the Church lived Jesus Christ, proclaimed his cross, death, and resurrection. The Church proclaimed Jesus Christ being present body and soul in the elements of the Eucharist.”

He said that there have been, and continue to be, some regional differences in the matter used in the celebration of the Eucharist, but those differences are limited by the Church’s doctrinal teaching.

The Mass is not, Morozowich said, about enacting an exact historical recreation of the last supper, “but at the same time the Church has said there are some core elements of this reality of the presence of this way the [Christian] community has celebrated throughout its lifetime.”

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  1. We read: “The cardinal [Kock] added that he has asked the group what are the elements of the native Amazonian cultures which need purified but ‘I haven’t received a clear answer.’”

    And he won’t receive “a clear answer”. Behind the jungle curtain of smoke and mirrors, the mysterious and unnamed writer of the final report is the Wizard of Oz.

    • How about the CONTRADICTION—-NOT an analogy—-between Pachamama as a symbol of “Life”, and what (the systematically ignored) Pope Benedict XVI proposes?

      That rather than destroying human “eros,” Christianity rescues it from the notion that it is a kind of “divine madness” by which man experiences supreme happiness. Regarding pre-Christian eros and its PURIFICATION, Benedict writes:

      “In religions, this attitude [divine madness, Life?] found expression in fertility cults, part of which was the ‘sacred’ prostitution which flourished in many temples . . . The Old Testament firmly opposed this form of religion, which represents a powerful temptation against monotheistic faith [distinguished from ambiguous “belief”], combating it as a perversion of religiosity.

      “But it in no way rejected eros as such; rather it declared war on a warped and destructive form of it, this COUNTERFEIT divinization of eros [Life?] actually strips it of its dignity and dehumanizes it . . . It is part of love’s growth toward higher levels and inward PURIFICATION that it now seeks to become definitive, and it does so in a twofold sense: both in the sense of exclusivity (this particular person alone) and in the sense of being ‘forever’” (Deus Caritas Est, nn. 4,6).

      The unpurified CONTRADICTION is between Pachamama and the exclusive and eternal particularity of monotheism without alloy. As in the divine Incarnation—at a singular point in time and space—and as both a banquet AND as a total and infinite self-donation that is now renewed and extended through time and space as the Eucharistic Real Presence. With Christ, the old perversion is transcended and consigned to the FLOW OF HISTORY (or maybe the Tiber).

      Ambiguity is certainly not (!) to be displayed and retained in a St. Peter’s Basilica side chapel, perhaps in the first of many such niches of a reincarnated PANTHEON OF THE NEW PARADIGM.

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