Pope Francis issued a pair of Apostolic Letters given motu proprio on Saturday. One motu proprio suppressed the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei and entrusted its responsibilities to a newly created “Special Section” of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. The other put the Sistine Chapel Choir directly under the Office for Liturgical Celebrations — essentially ending the fifteen hundred-year tradition of the Choir as an autonomous institution.
The motu proprio suppressing Ecclesia Dei garnered most of the headlines on Saturday, owing in large part to the concern of Catholics who love the Church’s traditional forms of worship. Pope St. John Paul II established the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei in 1988, in order to help traditional Catholic groups and institutes remain in full communion with Rome after Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre illicitly ordained four bishops, incurring a latae sententiae excommunication and creating a canonically irregular situation for his Priestly Fraternity of St. Pius X – the SSPX – which has not been fully resolved more than 30 years later.
Over the past decade, both Pope Benedict XVI and Pope Francis have made great strides with SSPX leadership toward resolving the canonical situation and restoring perfect communion.
The main issues facing the Vatican and the SSPX are doctrinal in nature, so it makes sense to have the principal organ for dialogue with the SSPX directly under the purview of the curial dicastery responsible for doctrine.
“As is well known,” wrote Vatican Media’s Editorial Director, Andrea Tornielli, in an editorial piece published on Saturday, “with the revocation of the excommunications of the bishops ordained illegitimately in 1988, the free use of the Roman Missal of 1962, and the faculties granted to the priests of the FSSPX by Pope Francis, the doctrinal issue remains the only issue still open, though it is also the most important – especially since the FSSPX has changed its superiors.”
Tornielli went on to explain, “In fact, its new leaders have announced their desire for further discussions with the Holy See regarding the texts of the Second Vatican Council: a delicate issue which will be addressed by the Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Cardinal Luis Ladaria.”
In any case, the rapprochement between Rome and the SSPX has been not only liturgical and doctrinal, but also disciplinary and juridical. In 2015, CDF made then-Superior General of the SSPX, Bishop Bernard Fellay, the presiding judge in the canonical trial of an SSPX priest accused of gross misconduct. “Pope Francis’ decision is part of a process already begun by Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI,” Tornielli wrote in his editorial.
Short version: the move makes good sense, traditionalists’ concerns notwithstanding.
The “other” motu proprio got fewer headlines, but effected a major change in the structure and governance of a Vatican institution that has stood for a millennium and a half: the Sistine Chapel Choir.
The Choirmaster, Fr. Massimo Palombella SDB, and the Choir’s Administrative Director, Mr. Michelangelo Nardella, have spent much of the past year under investigation for possible fraud, embezzlement, and money-laundering.There have also been reports of complaints from parents of some of the boys of the Choir, alleging Palombella has been too harsh a disciplinarian. Those allegations are reported to have been under investigation, as well. Mr. Nardella is reportedly suspended. Fr. Palombella remains choirmaster, though he is stripped of most of his discretionary authority.
The Sistine Choir has always enjoyed autonomy within its sphere. Rarely has it been subject to any real oversight. With the new motu proprio, that appears to have changed.
With Saturday’s motu proprio, Pope Francis has moved the Choir out of the Prefecture of the Pontifical Household, and into the Office of Liturgical Celebrations. In the motu proprio’s preamble, Pope Francis explains his decision in terms of the teaching of the II Vatican Council regarding the sacred liturgy. On the surface, the move makes sense. The Choir is a liturgical instrument.
Nevertheless, there was a reason The Sistine Chapel Choir has always been nominally under the purview of the Prefecture of the Papal Household or the Prefecture’s predecessor offices. Papal liturgies have never been just any other act of ordinary public worship. Papal liturgies were, until the reforms of Pope St. Paul VI, visibly an act and expression of his household — a function of the Papal court.
The Papal Master of Ceremonies, Msgr. Guido Marini, is now in charge of the Cappella Musicale Pontificia, as the Sistine choir is officially known. Msgr. Marini is entrusted with the task “of guiding all the liturgical, pastoral, spiritual, artistic and educational activities of the same Cappella, making more and more perceptible in it and in its individual components the primary purpose of sacred music, which is ‘the glory of God and the sanctification of the faithful’.”
The former secretary to the now-defunct Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei, Archbishop Guido Pozzo, is named Superintendent for the Economy of the Sistine Chapel Choir. Pozzo is, in essence, the Treasurer of the Choir. The new arrangement does not appear to be cosmetic. The choirmaster will have to go to Pozzo for money: to justify his requests and report his expenditures to the Treasurer.
Meanwhile, Italy’s dailies say a reckoning could be imminent.
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