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The Bible and the Body and Blood of Christ

On the Readings for Sunday, June 6, 2021, The Solemnity of the Most Holy Body and Blood of Christ (Corpus Christi)

(Image: Jacob Bentzinger/

• Ex 24:3-8
• Psa 116:12-13, 15-16, 17-18
• Heb 9:11-15
• Mk 14:12-16, 22-26

Over the years I’ve written several times about the centrality of the Eucharist in the decision made by my wife and I when we decided to become Catholic. Our recognition, by God’s grace, of the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ in the Blessed Sacrament was not sudden; I would be hard pressed to think of an exact moment when I realized, “The Eucharist really is Jesus!”

Rather, it was a long and rather steady process.

Reflecting on it these many years later—we entered the Church in 1997—I liken it to the gradual and mysterious recognition of my love for the woman who has now been my wife for 21 years this week. There was, of course, the initial spark of attraction, followed by the sort of relational dance—awkward, exciting, confusing—that many couples go through as they embark on a courtship. There were conversations, questions, and time spent thinking about each other. And when it finally dawned on us that we did, in fact, love each other, it was as though the wonderful fact had been staring us in the face for many weeks and months before we “got it”!

My recognition of the Eucharist was set in motion when I was a young boy, a Fundamentalist who knew nothing about the Eucharist or the Catholic Church. But I was taught to love Jesus and the Bible. And who better to bring me to the Catholic Church than the Incarnate Word who founded the Church and the written Word of God gifted to the Church by the Holy Spirit? While growing up I read and heard many of the key stories in the Old Testament, including that of Moses leading the people out of Egypt and being given the Law at Mount Sinai. I was familiar with the “blood of the covenant”, and the establishment of animal sacrifices for the forgiveness of sins.

Later, while in Bible college as a young Evangelical, I came to see more clearly how Jesus is the new Moses, sent by God to save his people from slavery to sin, and that as author of the Law, Jesus was able to perfectly fulfill the Law (see Mt 5:17-18). One of my final classes (bearing the clinical-sounding name “Bible Synthesis”) explored both the continuity and differences between the Old and New Covenants. We learned that while Moses was the direct mediator between God and the people, able to speak directly to God and to relay “all the words and ordinances of the LORD,” Jesus is the perfect, final and everlasting mediator between God and all men. Moses was able, as God’s mediator and prophet, to play a vital role in God’s plan of salvation, overseeing the establishment of the covenant at Sinai. But it was only Christ, fully divine and fully human, who could establish a new and eternal covenant through his life, Passion, death, and Resurrection.

As the Epistle to the Hebrews relates with profound theological insight, Christ’s priesthood does not involve the sacrifice of animals in the Temple, but offering himself—the new Temple—as the perfect, unblemished sacrifice. He is the Lamb of God whose body was broken and whose blood was shed on the Cross. Risen from the grave and seated in glory, he now offers his flesh and blood, soul and divinity, in the Eucharist.

Scripture, then, was essential in my education in the Eucharist. But I also had to sit at the feet of the Church, listening to her supernatural wisdom. If the Church is the mystical body of Christ, as I was also seeing, then the Church is able to instruct about the Body and Blood of her head, Jesus Christ. The saints, doctors, and teaching office of the Church gave witness.

“For in the figure of bread His Body is given to you,” stated St. Cyril of Jerusalem, “and in the figure of wine His Blood, that by partaking of the Body and Blood of Christ you may become the same body and blood with him.”

(This “Opening the Word” column originally appeared in the June 10, 2012 edition of Our Sunday Visitor newspaper.)

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About Carl E. Olson 1196 Articles
Carl E. Olson is editor of Catholic World Report and Ignatius Insight. He is the author of Did Jesus Really Rise from the Dead?, Will Catholics Be "Left Behind"?, co-editor/contributor to Called To Be the Children of God, co-author of The Da Vinci Hoax (Ignatius), and author of the "Catholicism" and "Priest Prophet King" Study Guides for Bishop Robert Barron/Word on Fire. His recent books on Lent and Advent—Praying the Our Father in Lent (2021) and Prepare the Way of the Lord (2021)—are published by Catholic Truth Society. He is also a contributor to "Our Sunday Visitor" newspaper, "The Catholic Answer" magazine, "The Imaginative Conservative", "The Catholic Herald", "National Catholic Register", "Chronicles", and other publications. Follow him on Twitter @carleolson.


  1. Christians need to be given a greater understanding of the meaning of the New Covenant, that was introduced by Jeremiah at Jer 31.31-34. And the egregious mistranslation of the Greek word “naos,” that means “sanctuary,” (and not “temple”), needs to be clarified and corrected in modern Bibles. Christ was sanctified. His body is a sanctuary. Hid blood represents the New Covenant (Lk 22.20).

  2. For me, one of the greatest foundations of the Eucharist as the true presence of the body and blood of Christ is Chapter 6 of John’s Gospel, ‘the bread of life discourse.’ In this chapter Jesus repeats five times that “unless you eat my flesh and drink my blood, you have no life in you.” We also read in this same chapter that many of his disciples, after hearing this, “returned to their former way of life and no longer accompanied him”. If Jesus only meant this symbolically, as a prophet and minister of the truth, he would have had to call them back by indicating the symbolic nature of his declaration. Note that Jesus even asked the Apostles “do you also want to leave.” Peter, in all his wisdom, answered, “Master to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life.”

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